The King Penguin is the second largest species of penguin at about 11 to 16 kg, second only to the Emperor Penguin. There are two subspecies—A. p. patagonicus and A. p. halli; patagonicus is found in the South Atlantic and halli elsewhere.
The spectacular cliffs of Gough and Inaccessible Islands, towering above the ocean, are free of introduced mammals and home to one of the world’s largest colonies of sea birds. Gough Island is home to two endemic species of land birds, the gallinule and the Gough rowettie
Little blue penguins are only about a foot tall, making them the smallest species of penguin in the world. They live in New Zealand, the Chatham Islands, and southern Australia, with chicks often returning to within a few meters of where they were raised and settling there.