Seattle Star front page, December 8, 1941. The Japanese leadership thought that the Pearl Harbor attack would strike such a decisive blow that the U.S. would concede the war. The Japanese sank or damaged 188 aircraft, eight U.S. Navy battleships, three destroyers, three cruisers, and one minelayer. They killed 2,403, including 68 civilians, and wounded 1,178. The Japanese didn't count on the attack as a rallying point for Americans that motivated them to fight.
II.Robert Gysae (January 14, 1911 – April 26, 1989) was a Korvettenkapitän with the Kriegsmarine during World War II. He was also a recipient of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves (German: Ritterkreuz des Eisernen Kreuzes mit Eichenlaub).