Norse ruins in Igaliku Fjord, Greenland. Icelander Eric the Red settled in South Greenland around 1000 AD. At its peak it is estimated that there were 2000 - 3000 Norse settlers in Greenland. In West Greenland around Nuuk and Southwest Greenland around Narsaq and Qaqortoq. They provided Europe with walrus; They founded a settlement in the New World 500 years before Columbus. Norsemen populated Greenland until the beginning of 1400, when they disappeared without a trace.