ʻIolani Luahine (January 31, 1915 – December 10, 1978), born Harriet Lanihau Makekau, was a native Hawaiian kumu hula, dancer, chanter and teacher, who was considered the high priestess of the ancient hula. The New York Times wrote that she was "regarded as Hawaii's last great exponent of the sacred hula ceremony," and the Honolulu Advertiser wrote: "In her ancient dances, she was the poet of the Hawaiian people." The ʻIolani Luahine Hula Festival was established in her memory.
King Kalakaua, the restorer of Hawaiian Heritage & Culture: King Kalakaua was Hawaii’s last reigning king. He was elected to power in 1874, and ruled Hawaii for 16 years until his death in 1891. Known as “The Merrie Monarch” Kalakaua revived elements of Hawaiian culture which had nearly been forgotten. These included the ancient Hawaiian martial art of Lua and the dance of Hula.