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On December 1, 1955, Parks refused to give up her seat to a white male while riding a Montgomery bus.

black-to-the-bones: Poet and award-winning author Maya Angelou. Former Black Panther and activist Angela Davis. Harlem Renaissance poet and literary figure Langston Hughes. First Black woman to be nominated for an Academy Award for best actress Dorothy Dandridge. Superstar singer and dancer Josephine Baker. The man who helped break the color barrier in Major League Baseball Jackie Robinson. The fastest woman in the world Wilma Rudolph. Historian sociologist and co-founder of…

Rosa Parks, Civil Rights Activist: A Brief Biography

Jo Ann Robinson (1912-1992) was an activist and educator who promoted the Montgomery Bus Boycott and made a huge impact as president of the Women's Political Council. "That group organized the original boycott to coincide with Rosa Parks' first court appearance in Dec. 1955, and it was only after their boycott was successful that the male ministers in town decided to extend it, and took control of it," said Auburn U. history professor Melissa Blair.

Rosa Parks went to prison because she refused to give up her seat on a bus to a white man. She willingly went to prison to try and prove a point that she had really done nothing wrong because they should be considered equal.

Did you know Rosa Parks wasn't the first African-American woman to refuse to give up her seat? Get the full story.

On this day in 1955, Rosa Parks got on a bus in Montgomery, Alabama. Her refusal to move to the back of the bus sparked a year-long boycott of the Montgomery bus system, and became an iconic moment in American history. On the 59th anniversary of Parks' arrest on that fateful day, we're celebrating her valuable contributions as a lifelong activist, organizer, and leader of the the Civil Rights Movement.

Black History and Women: People and Events You Need to Know: Civil Rights and Breaking Barriers

How great of an impact do you think Rosa Parks had on the Montgomery Bus Boycott? Do you actually believe her reason for refusing her seat to a white man was due to the fact that she was tired or was it an intentional act of rebellion? Do you believe her contribution to the march to be greater than that of Dr. King? How big of a role did the Women's Political Council play in the march?

Montgomery, AL: March 21, 1965. Selma to Montgomery March for voting rights: Rosa Parks, whose refusal to move to back of bus touched off Montgomery bus boycott, addresses Selma marchers from steps of state capitol building in Montgomery. © 1976 Matt Herron/Take Stock / The Image Works

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