Lamassu statue at the Oriental Institute of Chicago. From the Khorsabad Palace in Iraq during the Assyrian Period under the reign of Sargon II, 721-705 BC. The figure combined the head of a man, the body of a bull and the wings of an eagle, and was a protective spirit over the kingdom.
The oldest document in world history is a clay tablet created by the Sumerians, a people that lived in Ancient Mesopotamia, modern day Iraq, in 3,300 B.C. More: http://bigpicturehistory.com/what-is-the-oldest-document-in-world-history/