Elizabeth Hobbs Keckley was a former slave who became a successful seamstress, civic activist and author. She was best known as the personal modiste and confidante of Mary Todd Lincoln, the First Lady. Keckley had moved to Washington in 1860 after buying her freedom. She created an independent business in the capital based on clients who were the wives of the government elite. Among them were Varina Davis, wife of Jefferson Davis; and Mary Anna Custis Lee, wife of Robert E. Lee.
Josephine Baker tried to combat racism by adopting 12 children of different ethnicities from around the world. holds in her arms her 10th adopted child, a boy from Venezuela, as another of her adopted children looks on. 1959. age 53 #actor
Gertrude Belle Elion (1918-1999) American biochemist and pharmacologist who played a key role in developing the AIDS drug AZT, received the Nobel Prize in Medicine in 1988 together with two other researchers. She was the first woman to be inducted into the National Inventors Hall of Fame.
Dorothy Hodgkin OM, FRS 1910 - 1994 Awarded the Nobel prize for chemistry Dorothy Hodgkin work on critical discoveries of the structure of both penicillin and later insulin. These discoveries led to significant improvements in health care. An outstanding chemist Dorothy also devoted a large section of her life to the peace movement and promoting nuclear disarmament.
Valerie Thomas is an African-American Physicist and Mathematician. She is the inventor of the Illusion Transmitter (improving television screen) as well as a lead project manager for one of NASA’s most utilized technologies - Landsat satellite series, which serve the purpose of capturing images from outer space and transmit them back to NASA for analyzing.
Margaret Mead; 1901-1979; Margaret Mead was arguably the most renowned anthropologist of all time, contributing to the development of the discipline, as well as, introducing its insights to thousands of people outside the academy. Her work continues to contribute to the understanding of people around the world today. A prolific writer, she produced 44 books and more than 1,000 articles. Her publishings were translated into many languages.