1943 Volkswagen 166 SCHWIMMWAGEN - A military, amphibious vehicle based on the KdF Wagen (Kraft durch Freude) designed by Ferdinand Porsche, which in turn would later become the famous Volkswagen Beetle. This Schwimmwagen has a retractable screw at the rear. When used in water, it was coupled to a shaft connected to the rear-mounted engine. The exhaust was mounted high on the car so that water could not enter. A spade and paddles (!) were included as standard equipment.
Volkswagen made approximately 52,000 Kubelwagens for the German Army in the 1930s and during World War II. The Kubelwagen is rear engined and rear wheel drive - 4x2 only - based on the famous Volkswagen people's car or "VW Beetle". As such its offroad performance was no match for the four wheel drive Jeep MB.