Joseph Dalton Hooker was arguably the most important British botanist of the nineteenth century. A traveller and plant-collector, he was one of Charles Darwin’s closest friends and eventually became director of Britain’s Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
Joseph Banks (1743-1820) was an English botanist, plant collector, and explorer. His first trips abroad to study plants were to Labrador and Newfoundland with later trips to the South Pacific with the famous Captain Cook. He helped found the Royal Botanic Gardens at Kew, London, bringing seeds and plants there from all over the world. In addition, he helped found the Royal Horticulture Society and promoted the study of botany throughout England.