Tomoyuki Yamashita (November 8, 1885 - February 23, 1946) - general of the Japanese army during World War II. September 2, 1945, he was taken prisoner by the Americans. During the trial in Manila, the American military court sentenced Yamashita to death. February 23, 1946 he was hanged.
This is Philip Johnston, a missionary's son who grew up on a Navajo reservatioin. In WWII, the Japanese cracked every code the American's could encrypt. Johnston, knew that Navajo had no alphabet or written record, and was near impossible to learn if you weren't immersed as a kid. He brought this to the attention of the military, staging a demonstration. Because of him, the Navajo Code Talker program began, the only undecipherable code in modern military history.