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MUTATION •The replication and distribution of genetic material is extremely accurate so that the genetic information is us...

Problems in Utilization of Apomixis • Apomixis is a very complicated phenomenon. • Estimation of the level of facultative ...

Advantages of Apomixis  Obligate apomixis permits fixation of heterosis in the hybrids. Therefore, farmers can resow the ...

Role in plant breeding  Rapid production of pure lines Apomixis is an effective means for rapid production of pureline. ...

References • Essentials of Plant Breeding By Phundan Singh. 3rd Ed. pp: 52-55, 128-131. • Plant Breeding By B. D. Singh. 6...

Procedure of Clonal selection First Year Mixture of clones Few to several hundred to thousand superior plants selected.

Main feature of clones 1. Homologous constitution The progeny of clone is genetically identical and have same genetic cons...

4. Vigorous growth Clones have hybrid vigour which is conserved due to sexual reproduction. Most of the varieties of sugar...

Clonal Selection Clone : Progeny of a single plant obtained by asexual reproduction. Clonal Selection : A procedure of sel...