Gustave Eiffel began to specialize in constructing with metal after college. In 1879, the chief engineer on the Statue of Liberty died, and Eiffel was hired to replace him, going on to design the metallic skeleton of the structure. He soon began work on what would become known as the Eiffel Tower, the structure that would cement his name in history.
Alexandre Gustave Eiffel (December 15, 1832 – December 27, 1923) A French engineer Gustave, was nicknamed the "magician of iron" after finishing the Eiffel Tower in Paris in 1889. Eiffel was an engineering success around Europe prior to the construction of the tower, erecting bridges and arches in metals. His work can also be seen in the frame of the Statue of Liberty