On Sunday, Aug. 13, 1961, construction of what would become the Berlin Wall began. Bernauer Strasse belonged the French sector of West Berlin, and the windows of houses on the southern side were bricked up by East German border guards. Access to the roof was blocked too. By autumn of that year, the last of these houses had been emptied and the buildings were demolished two years later.
Brandenburger Tor, 1945
Precursor. At the end of World War II, Germany was divided into four zones. While the French, British and American cooperated, the Soviet zone grew more isolated. This fence separated friends in Berlin in 1953.
Deutsche Teilung - deutsche Einheit
Berlin | Geteilte Stadt. Berliner Mauer, 1961
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1971: East German border guards drag back an injured East German shot trying to flee. Between 1961 and 1989 around 5,000 people attempted to escape, resulting in an estimated 100-200 deaths. (Keystone)