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Opus tessellatum mosaic (3rd century); the refers to the mainly vertical rows in the main background behind the animal, where tiles are not also aligned to form horizontal rows.

Opus tessellatum floor mosaic, depicting Triton, inside the women's changing-room of the Thermae, archeological site of Herculaneum, Pompeii, province of Naples, Campania region, southern Italy, Europe

Mosaico de los Aurigas, Marcianus Nicha - Técnica del Opus Tessellatum, S. IV d.C.

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(Top to bottom) Roman mosiac types, in the home: opus tessellatum; opus sectile; opus signinum.

MAN. Busto masculino, finales del siglo II. Mosaico de decoración arquitectónica. Mármol y caliza, opus tessellatum, 88 X 85. Procede de Aranjuez, Madrid. | by c0ntraband

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Octavia Cook, Ponytail Opus Tessellatum, 2009

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Palazzo Massimo alle Terme in Rome | Opus vermiculatum is a method of laying mosaic tesserae to emphasise an outline around a subject. This can be of one or more rows and may also provide background contrast, eg as a shadow, sometimes with Opus tessellatum. The outline created is often light and offset by a dark background for greater contrast. The name opus vermiculatum literally means "worm-like work", and has been described as one of the most demanding and elaborate forms of mosaic work.