Otto Dix was a German painter and printmaker, noted for his ruthless and harshly realistic depictions of Weimar society and the brutality of war. Along with George Grosz, he is widely considered one of the most important artists of the Neue Sachlichkeit.
Portrait of Journalist Sylvia von Harden, 1926
)George Grosz. The Pillars of Society. 1926. Oil on canvas. 200 x 108 cm. Staatliche Museen zu Berlin - Preussischer Kulturbesitz, Nationalgalerie, Berlin, Germany.
The New Objectivity (Neue Sachlichkeit) is a term used to characterize the attitude of public life in Weimar Germany. Rather than some goal of philosophical objectivity, it was meant to imply a turn towards practical engagement with the world—an all-business attitude, understood by Germans as intrinsically American: "The Neue Sachlichkeit is Americanism, cult of the objective, the hard fact, the predilection for functional work, professional conscientiousness, and usefulness.