Essen crown. The small crown is the oldest surviving crown of lilies in Europe. It is stored for almost a millennium in the Essen treasury. It was used until the 16th century at the coronation of the Golden Madonna at the Candlemas on February 2nd. The gold band with 4 lilies is decorated with filigree patterns of coupled gold wires, set with pearls and precious stones. The crown was created at the second half of the 11th century. The origin of the crown is unclear.
pink topaz demi-parure which was given to Marie Pavlovna on the occasion of her wedding to the Duke of Sachsen-Weimar-Eisenach. It was a gift from her father, Czar Paul I of Russia. It passed to her daughter Augusta, the Empress of Germany, then to Augusta’s daughter Louise, Grand Duchess of Baden, and then to the Grand Duchess’ daughter, Queen Viktoria of Sweden in 1923, when it became part of the Bernadotte collection. It is created from the finest of Russian pink topazes.
The Diademe above, belonging to the New Crown Parure (better known as the 'Stuart Diademe') can be worn in three versions. Itwasmworn by Mary Stuart,Princess of York as Princess of Orange and later Queen of England,Scotland and Ireland. The tiara was made in 1897 by German Jeweller Schurmann in Frankfurt..