John Wyclif, teacher of divinity and an advisor to John of Gaunt in the 1370s. He denied transubstantiation - the doctrine that the communion bread and wine really become the body and blood of Christ during the celebration of the Eucharist. His additions to the bible, known as "The Lollard Bible," paved the way for Lutheranism in England.
10/30 John Wyclif. The opening of the Gospel of John from the Wyclif Bible (completed 1385): “In the beginning was the Word” The opening of the Gospel of John from the Wyclif Bible (completed 1385): “In the beginning was the Word” John Wyclif was declared a heretic by the Council of Constance on this date in 1415, twenty-nine years after his death. His books were burned, his body exhumed and burned, and his ashes scattered in the River Swift.