John Demjanjuk (born Ivan Mykolaiovych Demianiuk) was a Ukrainian-American convicted for war crimes as an accessory to the murder of 27,900 Jews while acting as a guard at the Sobibor Nazi German extermination camp. Since his conviction was pending appeal at the time of his death, Demjanjuk remains "presumed innocent" under German law, and his earlier conviction is invalidated. According to the Munich state court, Demjanjuk does not have a criminal record.
Accused Nazi criminal John Demjanjuk as he arrives for his trial at a court room prior to the assumed verdict on May 12, 2011 in Munich, Germany. Demjanjuk, 91, had been extradited to Germany after living for years in the U.S. to face trial on accusations that he was a guard at the notorious death camp of Sobibor in Poland where up to 250,000 Jews died during World War II. (Photo by Johannes Simon/Getty Images)