Sumi-e Painting This style of ink wash painting originated in Ancient Japan, and often came accompanied by haiku poetry. The main purpose of this style is meditation and as a way of communicating with nature. Subjects are not painted merely for art's sake, but as a living expression of the invisible forces at work in the universe. Sumi-e is a way of exploring and understanding nature.
Batik Sarung 1860, Java. During the mid 19th century a new type of batik was invented by a small group of Indo-European women, working traditionally with natural dyes and molten wax applied to cotton by means of a pen (canting). This genre is known as the Indische school and combines both Asian and Western design elements.