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Baldur Benedikt von Schirach (9 May 1907 – 8 August 1974) was a Nazi youth leader later convicted of being a war criminal. He was the head of the Hitler-Jugend (HJ, the "Hitler Youth") and Gauleiter and Reichsstatthalter ("Reich Governor") of Vienna.

Schirach family in Kochel, 1937 - Schirach is a noble family of Wendish (i.e. West Slavic) origin. Baldur von Schirach himself was three quarter American of mainly Philadelphia descent. Through his mother, Schirach descended from two signatories of the United States Declaration of Independence. English was the first language he learned at home and he was not able to speak German until the age of five.

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Baldur von Schirach and his wife Henriette, daughter of Hitler's photographer Heinrich Hoffmann - "... On the day before, I had seen a train full of Jews leaving the station, packed like sardines, and I reproached Adolf Hitler for not treating the Jews more humanely. We got into a discussion—and then suddenly all was finished. ‘Get out of my house at once,’ he cried to me. And so naturally, we left in a hurry", Henriette told Emmy Göring in the later year of war

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“He who serves our Führer, Adolf Hitler, serves Germany and he who serves Germany, serves God.” — Baldur von Schirach (speech to Hitler Youth, 25 July 1936)

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Remembrance of the Munich Putsch : Here Baldur von Schirach (Reich Youth Leader) with other 'Alte Kämpfer' (Old Fighters) in the Burgerbraukeller at Munich Germany on November 9, 1938, Photograph by Hugo Jaeger.

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