Pope Alexander VI (1492–1503) stepped in the rival claims to the lands Columbus explored, which were pressed by Spain and Portugal. Determined to keep peace, Alexander set a Line of Demarcation dividing the non-European world into two zones. Spain received exploration and trading rights in lands west of the land, and Portugal received the same rights east of the line.
ALEXANDER VI - The 9th July 1492, the Pope Innocent VIII, at the request of Cardinal Borja and the Catholic Monarchs, raised the Valencian See to the rank of metropolitan, becoming Rodrigo of Borja the first Archbishop of Valencia 1492 - 1503
Alexander VI kneeling in front of the Madonna, said to be a likeness of Giulia Farnese. A copy of a lost or destroyed fresco by Pinturicchio.
Rodrigo Borgia was elected to (or bought) the papacy on August 11, 1492 and became Pope Alexander VI. He was arguably the most controversial pope in the history of the Catholic Church, and certainly one of the most fascinating figures of his time.
Alleged portrait of Cesare Borgia, by Altobello Melone. Bergamo, Accademia Carrara. Cesare was the son and cardinal-nephew of Alexander VI, and became the first person to resign the cardinalate on 17 August 1498.
Coat of Arms of Pope Alexander VI Borgia at Castel Sant'Angelo, Rome.
Gioffre Borgia (born 1481 or 1482; died 1516 or 1517), also known as Goffredo or Jofré Borja, was the youngest son of Pope Alexander VI and Vannozza dei Cattanei, and a member of the House of Borgia. He was the youngest brother of Cesare, Giovanni, and Lucrezia Borgia. At 12 Gioffre married 16 year old Sancha of Aragon, daughter of Alfonso II of Naples, obtaining as dowry both the Principality of Squillace, and after a period of political turmoil in the Kingdom of Naples, the Duchy of…
Alexander VI, given name Rodrigo Borgia, Roman Catholic Pope from 1492 until his death, is the most memorable of the corrupt and secular popes of the Renaissance.
Giovanni Borgia, II Duke of Gandía (1475–1497) was the son of Pope Alexander VI and the brother of Cesare Borgia, Gioffre Borgia, and Lucrezia Borgia. Giovanni, also known as Juan or Joan, was the eldest of the Popes four children by Vannozza dei Cattanei. Due to a number of papal bulls issued after his murder, it is unclear whether Giovanni was born in 1476 or 1477, but it was long thought that he was the eldest son instead of Cesare.
Vannozza dei Cattanei (13 July 1442 – 24 November 1518) was an Italian noblewoman who was one of the many mistresses of Cardinal Rodrigo Borgia, future Pope Alexander VI. Among them, she was the one whose relationship with him lasted the longest.