On 23 May 1497, the Dominican friar Girolamo Savonarola was burned at the stake as a heretic by order of Pope Alexander VI (Rodrigo Borgia). Savonarola had become very popular with the people of Italy and very unpopular with Alexander as a result of his outspoken preaching in Florence for the reform of the Church, against the immorality he saw amongst the clergy and especially within the Roman Curia and in the life of Alexander VI himself.
Pope Alexander VI (1492–1503) stepped in the rival claims to the lands Columbus explored, which were pressed by Spain and Portugal. Determined to keep peace, Alexander set a Line of Demarcation dividing the non-European world into two zones. Spain received exploration and trading rights in lands west of the land, and Portugal received the same rights east of the line.
ALEXANDER VI - The 9th July 1492, the Pope Innocent VIII, at the request of Cardinal Borja and the Catholic Monarchs, raised the Valencian See to the rank of metropolitan, becoming Rodrigo of Borja the first Archbishop of Valencia 1492 - 1503
Rodrigo Borgia was elected to (or bought) the papacy on August 11, 1492 and became Pope Alexander VI. He was arguably the most controversial pope in the history of the Catholic Church, and certainly one of the most fascinating figures of his time.
Alleged portrait of Cesare Borgia, by Altobello Melone. Bergamo, Accademia Carrara. Cesare was the son and cardinal-nephew of Alexander VI, and became the first person to resign the cardinalate on 17 August 1498.
Vannozza dei Cattanei (13 July 1442 – 24 November 1518) was an Italian noblewoman who was one of the many mistresses of Cardinal Rodrigo Borgia, future Pope Alexander VI. Among them, she was the one whose relationship with him lasted the longest.
Alexander VI was a corrupt and cruel pope. He was known to have his way when he was on the papal seat. His appointment of some of his family members to important positions in the papacy was often scorned at. Besides that he was also known to have more than one illegitimate affair and children from those affairs. He was on the seat from 1492 to 1503 AD.